First Acoustic Noise Images of Machines (1996)

Measurement of Noise-Emission of a Letter-Labeling Machine

Recordings: Carsten Busch and Gerd Heinz
Software: Sabine Hoefs (former Schwanitz)
Images, movies and report: Gerd Heinz

(Many thanks to Dr. Kinnemann AEG-Postautomation Berlin/Konstanz for his help)

For industrial applications it is important to analyse the noise emissions of machinery in real environments. Installed normally in echoic rooms it is hard to decide, which parts of large machines or aggregates emit the highest quantities of noise.
In October 1996 Dr. Kinnemann gave us the chance to record the emission of a letter-labeling machine. We find main locations of noise emissions in the acoustic images.

(a) (b) (c)

(a) Arrangement at October 15, 1996. Right in the background is the black 16-channel microphone array, in front the letter labeling machine.
(b) Measuring workplace Toshiba-Tectra 700 with docking station for the UEIDAQ-WIN30 card and 16-channel preamplifier. Installed software: PSI-Tools.
(c) 16-channel microphone array. To access defined locations for the microphones (electrostatic, MK301, Microtech Gefell) they are arranged plane to the surface with a simple orthogonal grid size of 30 cm. It is not the optimum for aliasing figures we found. To avoid reflections, the microphone membranes have been placed planar to the front of the box. The reflective construction of the box destroys the backfield waves that are smaller the box size (<1,20 m or >250 Hz).

(d) (e)

(d) Noise emission produced by a linear transfer function SQR (since 2000 we scaled on Pascal and called it "Equivalent Noise Pressure (ENP)). This function produces an average noise pressure map.
Excitements are related to different records and integration intervals. Left and right side had different maxima. Usually the channels were filtered with a high-pass 100 Hz/-3dB (it is not noted).
(e) Same data like (d). Peak noise emission produced by non-linear EXP-transfer function (see PSI-Tools Help) with contrast factor 2 produces an image of peak-emissions.

Measuring arrangement. The microphone array is 4x4 orthogonal. Microphon distance is 30cm each.


With a reflective, regular 16 channel array we produced in an not un-echoic room first acoustic images and movies of a (letter labeling) machine, filtering the channels with a 100 Hz high-pass. We found differences between images of linear and non-linear transfer functions. While linear method produces an averaged image, the non-linear produces a peak-like image. It was surprising, that room resonances did not cancel the task and that the aliasing of the microphone arrangement can not be seen in the images. The reflective construction of the box destroys the backfield waves that are smaller the box size (<1,20 m ~ >250 Hz).
Sometimes one need some luck.

Access No. since January 21, 1997
File created 21.01.1997

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